See the underground Catholic Cathedral of Brasilia that has its roof above the ground with a pool (Photos)
The popular Cathedral of Brasília is the Roman Catholic cathedral serving Brasília in Brazil. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Brasília.
The edifice was designed by a Brazilian architect, Oscar Niemeyer and was projected by Brazilian structural engineer Joaquim Cardozo. The cathedral was completed and dedicated on May 31, 1970.
Looking at the photos, the cathedral is a hyperboloid structure constructed from 16 concrete columns, which weighs 90 tons each.
In front of the cathedral are four 3-meter bronze Sculptures of the four Biblical evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
There is a dark tunnel that leads inside the cathedral and visitors enter into the cathedral through the dark tunnel and emerge into a bright space with a glass roof.
The cathedral can hold up to 4, 000 people. It also has a very large underground, a baptistry and a 20-meter tall bell tower containing four large bells.
At the entrance of the cathedral is a pillar with written passages from the life of Mary, mother of Jesus which was painted by Athos, a known painter in Brazil.
There is a 12-meter (39 ft) wide, 40-centimeter (16 in) deep reflecting pool surrounding the cathedral roof. The pool helps to cool the cathedral. Visitors pass under this pool when entering the cathedral.
The cathedral cornerstone was laid on September 15, 1958, and the structure was finished on April 21, 1960, with only the roof structure visible above ground.
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